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Thursday, May 16 • 5:00pm - 5:30pm
(Tough Challenges Need New Techniques) Passive Conditioning in Extreme Conditions

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In response to climate change, cultural institutions are compelled to address their environmental impact by developing sustainable practices. Environmental sustainability goals for cultural institutions can foster innovative solutions for collections care that is independent from air conditioning and energy consumptive HVAC systems to include passive methods and simple technologies. In 2017, the Judd Foundation partnered with the Image Permanence Institute (IPI) to determine the viability of passive environmental conditioning methods for a number of its historic structures in Marfa, Texas. The primary goal of the project was to determine effective and minimally invasive passive methods to improve environmental conditions in each facility. The Judd Foundation preserves Donald Judd’s permanently installed living and working spaces, libraries, and archives in New York and Marfa. From the 1970s into the 1990s, Donald Judd acquired historic buildings in and around downtown Marfa and adapted these buildings as studio spaces and for the installation of art, architectural designs, and furniture. Judd’s original intent for installing works in existing spaces was integral in the design of this project. Marfa is a high desert climate and the historic Judd Foundation properties experience interior temperatures too hot during the day time for comfortable public access and for overall collections care. HVAC systems for the structures were rejected due to projected energy consumption, the number of sensitive historic structures in need, potential impact to Judd’s permanent installations, and understanding that mechanical solutions would be visually intrusive and difficult to maintain locally. Also, with the goal of sustainability, the Judd Foundation decided to consider other methods to improve the collection environments while working with, not against, the local climate. The IPI team inspected the properties and consulted with SCHAUM/SHIEH Architects to identify structures that were originally designed to use passive methods to condition the spaces and to determine if those systems were still viable. The team also examined alternative, unobtrusive measures that may be used in some of the structures. The diverse range of structures examined included former residences, office buildings, a former bank, and former military buildings. At every step, special attention to the buildings’ aesthetics was necessary so as to not interfere with Donald Judd’s original intent and the aesthetic he had created for each structure. A number of solutions were identified. A plan was created for each property utilizing a mix of passive measures and mechanical features to help improve the environmental conditions in the facilities. The measures included installing shades, creating passive air flow with vents and exhaust fans, and installing a localized air handling unit. In the end, the team of Judd Foundation, IPI, and SCHAUM/SHIEH Architects created a holistic plan to improve the environmental conditions of the buildings for the long-term preservation of the collection and the comfort of public tours that pass through without increasing energy consumption.

avatar for Tara Hornung

Tara Hornung

Conservator, Judd Foundation
Tara Hornung joined the Judd Foundation as the Conservator in May 2018. Before joining the Judd Foundation, she managed a small business in Colorado that provided conservation treatment and collections care services for federal, state, and local institutions such as National Park... Read More →

avatar for Christopher Cameron

Christopher Cameron

Sustainable Preservation Specialist, Image Permanence Institute
Christopher Cameron, Sustainable Preservation Specialist, joined IPI in April 2013. He came to IPI certified in HVAC Maintenance and Repair, having worked as a Facility Manager for eleven years, and serving as Project Manager overseeing various building projects. He received a Bachelor... Read More →

Kelly McCauley Krish

Preventive Conservation Specialist, Image Permanence Institute
Kelly McCauley Krish, Preventive Conservation Specialist, joined IPI in May 2016 as part of the environmental management consulting team and to provide other preventive services. Kelly earned her MS in Art Conservation from the Winterthur- University of Delaware Program and a BA in... Read More →
avatar for Troy Schaum

Troy Schaum

Associate Professor, Rice School of Architecture
Troy Schaum is an Associate Professor at the Rice School of Architecture and a partner in the New York City and Houston-based practice SCHAUM/SHIEH. His practice has been recognized by the AIA NYC as a recipient of the 2016 New Practices Award and was a finalist for the 2017 MoMA... Read More →

Thursday May 16, 2019 5:00pm - 5:30pm EDT
Salon B2, Uncas Ballroom
  General Session, Tough Challenges Need New Techniques
  • Ticketed Included in Main Registration
  • Authors in Publication Order Tara Hornung, Christopher Cameron, Kelly McCauley Krish, Troy Schaum
  • Abstract ID 19106
  • Tags Sustainability,collections care,passive environmental control