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Thursday, May 16 • 9:00am - 9:30am
(Wooden Artifacts) Analysis of Black Resin of a Late Period Coffin by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

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The present study focuses on black resin's composition, beginning and uses. ‏Black resin was used to cover funerary furniture like coffins, shabti statues and boxes, stelae, canopic chests, human and animal statues,‏ and statue bases.  The study utilized gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to analyze black resin.Black resin is composed of natural resins like mastic, colophony, beeswax, bitumen, and an unknown compound. Natural resin is reported to contain essential oil. Some inscriptions on the tomb of Thebes in Egypt named it sntr , and mastic resin was of high value in Ancient Egypt. Black resin had anti-fungi and antibacterial properties, as well as insect repellents. The sample was taken from a coffin dating back to the Late period to analysis it to know it's composition to choose the best material for consolidation. The coffin, under investigation, was covered internally with a layer of black resin.  

Speakers
avatar for Abdelmoniem Mohammed

Abdelmoniem Mohammed

Demonstrator, Fayoum University
Abdelmoniem Mohammed is a Demonstrator in the Faculty of Archaeology at Fayoum University where he has been since 2016. His research interests include the treatment and maintenance of archaeological wood covered with a layer of black resin, investigation and analysis of archaeology... Read More →

Co-Author
avatar for Naglaa Mahmoud

Naglaa Mahmoud

Conservation Department, Faculty of Archaeology, Fayoum University
avatar for Wael S. Mohamed

Wael S. Mohamed

Associate Professor, Polymer Department, National Research Centre, Dokki


Thursday May 16, 2019 9:00am - 9:30am
Abenaki Room Sky Convention Center, Mohegan Sun

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